Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood. Calder was encouraged to create, and from the age of eight he always had his own workshop wherever the family lived.
This document contains an introduction, a rationale, philosophy statements, and general and specific outcomes. A glossary of terms and an appendix are provided as supplementary information.
Research has demonstrated that a second language is best taught between 30 and 40 minutes a day over the course of the school year to enable students to develop communication skills, linguistic knowledge, cultural understanding, intercultural competence and language learning strategies.
Over the past four decades, the teaching and learning of second languages has seen many changes in approaches as research in language acquisition has evolved. In the s and s, second language programs stressed linguistic competence—the knowledge of grammatical rules governing the language.
In the s, second language programs placed more emphasis on communicative competence—the ability to communicate a message.
In the s, second language programs emphasized the importance of experiencing language in context and communicating authentic messages at ma salle de classe essay help levels of language competency. At the beginning of the 21st century, the FSL course sequence represents the melding of previous approaches that have become the foundation for the current performanced-based curriculum.
This type of curriculum delineates the way in which learners demonstrate their acquired communicative, linguistic, cultural, intercultural and strategic competence along a language competency continuum. Students use their life experiences, knowledge, skills and attitudes as a basis for developing their second language communicative abilities for real-life purposes; that is, students comprehend oral and written French, and they express and negotiate meaning, orally and in written form, in French.
Since language is embedded in culture, students will also acquire cultural knowledge about various Francophone peoples in order to gain a better understanding of these cultures and their own.
This program of studies has incorporated current knowledge about second language acquisition, curriculum design, performance-based assessment, and teaching and learning experiences in the field.
It differs from the program of studies in that the learner outcomes define more clearly what students are to demonstrate in terms of knowledge, skills and attitudes at each grade level.
This program of studies aims to promote in students: By learning French, students gain both personally and academically. Society, in turn, profits from the contribution of citizens who are both bilingual and bicultural.
Being able to understand and use French is an important aspect of being a Canadian and a global citizen. By learning French, students are able to develop the necessary knowledge, skills and attitudes needed to communicate in a variety of real-life contexts.
The ability to understand, speak, read and write French allows students to communicate with French-speaking people around the world, to understand and appreciate the history and evolution of their cultures, to benefit from travel and to develop a competitive advantage in the work force.
Further, the learning of French naturally implies the learning of culture and, therefore, allows students to recognize, understand and respect cultural diversity in our society and in others. The learning of a second language involves risk-taking and tolerating the unknown. As a result, second language learners tend to be more flexible and adaptable to new situations which is an asset in an ever-changing world.
Developing thinking skills and learning strategies is an important part of lifelong learning. By adding a second language to their repertoire of skills and knowledge, students enhance their first language development and their academic skills in general, and develop an understanding of the nature and role of language and culture in their lives.
The acquisition of language learning strategies enables them to monitor, direct and transfer their language learning to new situations.
Research has shown that students studying a second language perform better in other subject areas, such as mathematics and English language arts.
Societal Benefits Albertans who are linguistically and culturally competent in French can work toward the promotion of cultural understanding and respect for diversity by breaking down cultural barriers and fostering good will and mutual respect. A population that is linguistically and culturally competent in French cannot help but provide a multitude of services in the public and private sector, including volunteer services.
Philosophy Components This French as a Second Language program of studies reflects current knowledge about second language learning, learner-centred teaching and cross-curricular integration.Watch Cabine D'essayage1 tube sex video for free on xHamster, with the amazing collection of Cum Swallowing Cum in Mouth & Amateur porn movie scenes!
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Alexander Calder was born in , the second child of artist parents—his father was a sculptor and his mother a painter. Because his father, Alexander Stirling Calder, received public commissions, the family traversed the country throughout Calder's childhood.
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