Essays on conformity psychology

According to Leon Mann, conformity means "yielding to group pressures".

Essays on conformity psychology

They have affected fields as varied as law, business, medicine and the military.

- Social influence is the process whereby attitudes and behaviour are influenced by the real or implied presence of other people (Hogg & Vaughan, ). There are three types of social influence compliance, obedience, and conformity. This essay will focus on conformity and obedience. Within academic social psychology, it would be difficult to overestimate their impact. In social psychology textbooks, a significant study is usually described in just a couple of sentences, or at most a paragraph, but the obedience experiments nearly always receive pages of coverage.4/4(1). Conformity Essay. Conformity as it pertains to the Military Baker College Introduction Conformity is the practice of involving attitudes, opinions and behavioral characteristics that are applicable to a specific group, in this context the military.

Plays, films and songs have been based on the experiments, and well-known authors such as Doris Lessing and Arthur Koestler have written about them at length. Within academic social psychology, it would be difficult to overestimate their impact. In social psychology textbooks, a significant study is usually described in just a couple of sentences, or at most a paragraph, but the obedience experiments nearly always receive pages of coverage.

It will be a hard one to beat.

Knowledge and Understanding

Blass, a wonderful writer, is a skilled biographer and describes his subject with the knowing eye of an insider. Milgram's contributions were remarkably numerous and varied during his abbreviated career he died of a heart attack in at age Some of the highlights: He conducted the experiments that led to the phrase "six degrees of separation" and devised methodological innovations such as the "lost letter" technique pretending to accidentally lose letters addressed to various individuals or organizations and then seeing how many are picked up and mailed by people passing by.

He also virtually invented the field of urban social Essays on conformity psychology. And he conducted the largest-scale investigation ever on whether viewing violence on television leads to violent behavior, a study for which he persuaded CBS to modify the ending of a popular drama for showings in different cities.

The studies were inspired by Milgram's interest in the pathologies of the Holocaust. Specifically, he wondered why tens of thousands of ordinary German citizens willingly provided the manpower to carry out a massive killing program.

He reasoned that when a type of behavior, no matter how evil, becomes "normal," an explanation for it can probably be found in features of the situation.

In this case, he hypothesized, the toxic trigger for the behavior was obedience to authority. Milgram recruited a diverse group of psychologically normal adult men to participate in a laboratory experiment supposedly designed to measure the effects of punishment on learning.

Each subject was given the role of teacher and instructed to ask another ostensible subject actually a research assistant who was a confederate of the experimenter a series of questions.

The subject in the role of teacher was instructed to administer an electric shock each time the "learner" made an error, beginning with a mild 15 volts and progressing in volt intervals up to an eventual volts, which was clearly marked as extremely dangerous.

Critical Evaluation

Although no shocks were actually administered, the situation was orchestrated to appear terrifyingly realistic. Midway through the experiment, the confederate, who was in an adjoining room where he could be heard but not seen, screamed out that he was having a heart attack; eventually, he ceased responding altogether.

If the subject resisted administering shocks, the experimenter urged him on with statements like "It is absolutely essential that you continue" and "You have no choice. You must go on. When Milgram posed this question to others, the average estimate was no more than one in a hundred people. A group of psychiatrists guessed one in a thousand.

Almost none of those asked said that they would obey instructions to turn up the juice all the way to volts. Astonishingly, however, Milgram found that a full 65 percent of the men 26 out of 40 went to volts. Milgram then conducted an equally remarkable and elaborate series of follow-up studies in which he investigated how the subject's obedience was affected by such factors as the proximity of the experimenter, the proximity of the victim, the subject's sex and the presence of peers.

Obedience varied from one condition to another but in almost every case was frighteningly high. In a television interview inMilgram said that he eventually came to the conclusion that "If a system of death camps were set up in the United States of the sort we had seen in Nazi Germany, one would be able to find sufficient personnel for those camps in any medium-sized American town.

In early explanations of the brutalities, Nazi leaders were demonized as pathological sadists and monsters. Hannah Arendt challenged this in her book Eichmann in Jerusalem: A Report on the Banality of Evil, which depicted Adolf Eichmann as a conventional bureaucrat trying to further his career.

Essays on conformity psychology

Milgram, having seen ordinary people submit to authority in his experiments, concluded that Arendt's perspective "comesAdaptive Social Behaviours Conformity, compliance and obedience are a set of adaptive social behaviours that one makes use of to get by in daily social activities.

They are all some form of social influence, which causes a change in a particular person or group’s behaviour, attitude and/or feelings (Cialdini, , ). Various forms of social. - Social influence is the process whereby attitudes and behaviour are influenced by the real or implied presence of other people (Hogg & Vaughan, ).

There are three types of social influence compliance, obedience, and conformity. This essay will focus on conformity and obedience.

Essay, term paper, research paper: Psychology Various forms of social influence have been used for a variety of reasons; sometimes to help individuals stray from harmful behaviour such as smoking; other times [not as altruistic as the latter] to sway customer decisions towards consumerism. Such changes in behaviour require systematic approaches that can be in the shape of direct personal requests; or more subtle and elaborate commercials and political campaigns.
Conformity - Research Paper Behavior[ edit ] Norms running counter to the behaviors of the overarching society or culture may be transmitted and maintained within small subgroups of society. For example, Crandall noted that certain groups e.
Other sample model essays: Saul McLeodpublished Before you write your essay it's important to analyse the task and understand exactly what the essay question is asking. It is possible your lecturer will give you some advice - pay attention to this as it will help you plan your answer.

Conformity is used to show an agreement to the majority, brought on by a wish to fit in, or be liked. David Myers () described conformity as a change in an individual’s belief or behaviour because of real (involving the physical presence of others) or imagined (involving the pressure of social norms/expectations) group pressure.

By definition conformity is a change in behaviour or belief as a result of real or imagined group; it is synonymous to agreement. It is not just acting as other people act, 4/4(1). Conformity, compliance and obedience are all forms of social influence that strongly affect our everyday lives.

This paper looks into the three different concepts of social influence, focusing particularly on the factors that affect the extent of influence and the various researches that has been done on them.

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Conformity - Essay