Culture can shape individuals or influence how they live. Culture can aid in defining individuals, separating one from other. Cultural psychology attempts to connect cultural conditions with psychological theories.
Psychology Introduction to Cross-cultural Psychology What is culture? Culture is a particular society at a particular time and the knowledge and values shared by that society and psychology is the science of mental life.
Therefore, it goes without saying that cultural psychology is the science of mental life in a particular society at a particular time. Cross- cultural psychology is all about the comparisons of societies and due to these comparisons critical thinking plays a critical role.
The methods of cross-cultural research are used to assist in the understanding of why cross-cultural psychology is so important to society today and the understanding of it. Cultural psychology studies the factors of culture, society, race, and ethnicity and understands the no culture is strictly homogeneous.
Each culture has been researched down to the beginning of the culture including evolution, biology, neurology, motivations, emotions, and cognitive foundations Berry, In cross- cultural psychology, the researcher takes these elements of two or more of these ultures and attempts to examine their similarities and differences to determine the fundamentals of a society in general.
Cross-cultural psychology studies more of the development of the persons in a society based on their behaviors and the views of these behaviors. In the earliest cross-cultural psychology the development of a person was Cross cultural psychology essay as a base model for how that society would later develop.
The societies were viewed based on the individuals within them and noticing which behaviors were accepted thus determining the future of the ever-changing culture Berry, The biggest difference in cultural and cross-cultural psychologies is cultural psychology distinguishes the relationship between the psychology of individuals and the society they are a part of and cross-cultural psychology defines the differences and similarities as well as defining universal aspects of culture by comparing two or more.
Critical Thinking With societies and cultures being compared in cross-cultural psychology, the importance of critical thinking becomes apparent. Critical thinking skills are sophisticated methods of assessing beliefs, opinions, and assertions using science, logic, and reliable information.
Psychologist must use critical thinking and be sensitive, understanding and respectful of cultural knowledge including specifically: For example, different cultures speak different languages; therefore the questions asked must be translated.
Many times when changing to a different anguage it is easy to become lost in translation, the researcher must attempt to come as close as possible to the dialog as the original language.
There are many guidelines for psychologist in using critical thinking in cross-cultural psychology. Methodology In order to determine the methodology that is associated with cross-cultural research you must first determine the goals of research.
Psychologists must be careful however as to not over generalize the society because it may lead to incorrect controls which are not true to a particular society or culture and therefore be very misleading. Cross-cultural psychologists use all the typical psychological methods of investigation: The methodology can be divided into quantitative and qualitative approaches.
Quantitative approaches mainly consider the evaluations of cultures based on their own inside views of their society.
The most common type of quantitative method is the statistical method of correlation which examines the relationship between two variables. Qualitative is a less invasive approach in which the society is observed and compared more in a natural setting. Conclusion Cultural psychology is the science of mental life in a particular society at a particular time, comparing two or more of these cultures is called cross-cultural psychology.
When psychologists begin to research the differences and similarities in society they must first decide the methodology in which they will research. Choosing a quantitative or qualitative method to reach desired information is almost as important as the research itself. After wisely choosing the method in which the data is collected, the psychologists then begin to assess the information gathered.
Psychologist must be sensitive, understanding, and respectful of the knowledge they are comparing as to not include or induce research bias by using critical thinking throughout the process of comparison.Definition of Cultural and Cross-Cultural Psychology Culture is something learned shaping individuals’ behaviors.
It is an impermanent factor of individuals’ environment, created by people, and those around them. Culture can shape individuals or influence how they live. Culture can aid in defining individuals, separating one from other.
Cross-cultural psychology has examined the effects of daily life exposure to the perception levels of an individual. For instance, one study in this subfield examined the effects of shapes that a child grows seeing and his level of perception.
Introduction to Cross-Cultural Psychology Essay Sample.
Culture is the structure of one’s way of life and behavior, meaning one’s beliefs, values, traditions, and behaviors (Matsumoto & Juang, ). Cross-Cultural Psychology is a branch of psychology that looks at how cultural factors influence human behavior. Culture refers many characteristics of a group of people including attitudes, behaviors, and customs and values that are transmitted from one generation to the other.
This essay explores the community from the perspective of their economic patterns and analyses the cost and benefits of shifting from their cultural patterns. Besides, the intervention of the western developed countries to economically and socially change the Masai culture is discussed in details with an orientation of deriving major conclusion .
Cross-cultural psychology Cross-cultural psychology is a comparative study of cultural effects on human psychology, from different cultural groups, which looks at the psychological diversity and the underlying reasons for such diversity.