Posted on October 1, 1 Comment Roxane: Women do a lot of work for free, and we act as if it was just something expected of them, not worthy of recognition. I think that the fact that women do all this work for free is beautiful.
Satz argues that some markets are morally noxious, particularly when they are likely to prey upon weak and vulnerable agents, and result in great harms to both individuals and society at large.
One such morally noxious market is, in her mind, the commercial surrogacy market. In defending this view, Satz takes issue with a number of standard objections to commercial surrogacy.
There are three main classes of them. The first claims that there is something special about the nature of reproductive labour that renders it off-limits from commercialisation.
The second claims that commercialisation of reproductive labour corrupts the special bonds of motherhood. The third claims that commercial surrogacy is bad for children. Satz thinks that none of these arguments is successful. Is there something special about reproductive labour?
In some cases, that reproductive labour includes contribution of genetic material to the foetus, but that is not essential since in many contemporary surrogacy arrangements the surrogate mother is not the genetic mother. Many authors have objected to the commodification of reproductive labour by arguing that there is something special about that kind of labour that means it should not be commodified.
We can call this the essentialist thesis: Of course there is. What is at issue is whether there is something about this specialness that renders it inappropriate to buy and sell. Satz identifies a range of claims made about the specialness of reproductive labour that might support such a view note: This provides the first premise in an argument against commercial surrogacy.
The argument can be rounded out as follows: Is this argument any good? There are two major problems. First, although most of the claims made in premise 1 are true in the sense that they describe a feature or property of pregnancynot all of them are.
In particular, feature a is not true. As pointed out earlier, in many modern-day surrogacy arrangements, the surrogate mother is not the genetic mother.
The other problem is that premise 2 seems to be false, at least if we consider other forms of labour that we find it perfectly acceptable to buy and sell. Similarly, b is in fact true of most professions: The long-term commitment feature is also common to many jobs.
Satz gives the example of military service and book contracts. Finally, many military service contracts and athletic forms of labour involve invasions into and restrictions of behaviour during the period of employment.
In fact, some of the physical restrictions placed on professional athletes, particularly in relation to drug-testing, are arguably more invasive and more long-term than restrictions on the surrogate.
The diagram below maps out the argument and the objections. Are there better defences of the essentialist thesis? Satz looks at one more. It comes from the work of leading feminist theorist Carole Pateman.Nov 08, · Many more children live in poverty abject enough to spawn child labor systems, with million children worldwidealmost 11 percent of all children around the worldas child laborers (Worldwide Childrens Statistics, ).
Surrogacy - Is Women's Labour a Commodity from PHI at University of Ottawa. 1 Elizabeth Andesron, Is Womens Labour a Commodity?
Types of surrogacy: genetic and gestational; Find Study Resources. Main Menu; Defence of commercial surrogacy.
The ban commercial surrogacy will increase exploitation of the poor surrogates Before India, Thailand and Nepal have banned commercial surrogacy for foreign citizens Thailand decided to ban commercial surrogacy after baby Gammy’s case. Commercial Surrogacy and Materialist Feminism like in the dialogue above, or in more covert ways. Anderson’s argument against surrogate motherhood relies on a similar assumption, as I will aim to show here. advanced an idea contrary to Anderson’s argument: the fact that women’s labor is not incorporated into the market structure. Obituaries for the last 7 days on Your Life Moments.
Commercial surrogacy in India was legalized in India in The availability of medical infrastructure and potential surrogates, combined with international demand, has fueled the growth of the industry. Surrogate mothers receive medical, nutritional and overall health care through surrogacy agreements.
0 Down votes, mark as not useful. babymcase. Uploaded by Riona Vince Saliot. Indeed, it has been suggested that in altruistic surrogacy and commercial surrogacy, the child is "treated as a commodity to be bargained, whether for money or love or loyalty to another".
Further, there is nothing in a commercial surrogacy arrangement which increases the . In the article “Is Women’s Labor a Commodity? ”, Elizabeth S. Anderson argues against commercial surrogacy.
She claims that the practice treats women’s labor as a commodity and one of her main arguments, which I will focus on, is that it degrades both women and children. Anderson formed her argument on the basis that commercial.